Archeologist have found the world’s oldest bread in Jordan. The charred remains of the flatbread were discovered in a stone fireplace at a site in the Black Desert in Jordan and are 14,400 years old.
The flatbread that resembles the pita bread we know now is made of wild cereals that are grounded into flour including eikorn, oats and barley, as well as tubers from an aquatic papyrus relative, a plant that grows in wet environments. The bread was cooked in a large round fireplace built on the floor with flat basalt stones.
Amaia Arranz-Otaegui, a University of Copenhagen postdoctoral researcher in archaeobotany and her collogues believe that the bread was made by the Natufians. The Natufian culture were hunter-gatherers in the Levant who embraced a sedentary lifestyle rather than a nomadic lifestyle. Arranz-Otaegui told Euronewsthat “we already knew the Natufians were complex, they started building with stone and made artistic manifestations. The production of bread adds to that, they started doing lots of things that were the start of everything really.”
Researchers succeeded in recreating the bread with the same ingredients and said that it tasted gritty and salty but also a bit sweet.
Before the discovery of the charred bread crumbles in Jordan, the oldest-known bread was found at a 9,100-years-old site in Turkey. This also means that people started making bread before developing agriculture, and the origin of bread should not be associated with early farming societies, as it was until now.