In the second half of the thirteenth century an army of nomads from the Central Asian steppes, the Mongols, united and would become the nightmare of every empire, every city and every person that happened to be on their way.
An army that fed their strength by fear, a game they played with only two checkmen: terror and assassination. The great leader was Jenghiz Khan (1227), who became the mastermind of the most evil fighting strategies.
The Mongols reached an incredible level of succes, in 1258 they reached the heart of the Abbasid caliphate and killed the caliph Al-Mu’tassim. It was a dark period for the Arabs, believing that there will be no light at the end of this bloody tunnel.
Until the Turks happened…
In the second half of the thirteenth century a new sultanate would flourish, an unexpected force that would be the only one who could stop the great threat of the Mongols. Turkish military slaves, who had converted to Islam and were loyal to their rulers, became powerful warriors, ready to save the Arab world from both the crusaders and the Mongols.
Their sultanate, the ‘Dawlat al-atrak’ (state of the Turks), or the Mamluksultanate, ruled for a firm 256 years from Cairo.