10 Things You Use Every Day That Are Invented by Muslims

Along with the first university, and even the toothbrush, there are many surprising Muslim inventions that have shaped the world in which we live today. The origins of these fundamental ideas and objects are the focus of “1001 Inventions”, a book celebrating the forgotten history of 1,000 years of Muslim heritage. From this book, I have summed up ten outstanding Muslim inventions which we still use today.

1. Coffee


More than twelve hundred years ago, hard-working people have fought to stay awake without this stimulant, until a herd of curious goats and their watchful master, an Arab named Khalid, discovered this simple, yet life-changing substance. As his goats grazed on the Ethiopian slopes, he noticed they had become lively and excited after eating a particular berry. Instead of just eating the berries they were taken and boiled to create “al-qahwa”.

2. Clocks

An ingenious man called al-Jazari from Diyarbakir in South-East Turkey was a pious Muslim and a highly skilled engineer who gave birth to the concept of automatic machines. By 1206, al-Jazari had made numerous clocks of all shapes and sizes. Just as we need time today to structure our lives, so did Muslims over seven hundred years ago. Al-Jazari was sticking to the long Muslim tradition of clock-making. They knew it was important to know the time so it could be used well through doing good deeds: knowing when to pray at the right time each day and announce the call to prayer in mosques.

The elephant clock was a medieval invention by al-Jazari (1136–1206), consisting of a weight powered water clock in the form of an Asian elephant.

3. Camera

Ibn al-Haitham revolutionized optics, taking the subject from one being discussed philosophically to an actual science based on experiments. He rejected the Greek idea that an invisible light emitting from the eye caused sight, and instead rightly stated that vision was caused by light reflecting off an object and entering the eye.

Schermafbeelding 2015-11-26 om 19.12.51
The camera obscura, a precursor to the modern camera.

By using a dark room with a pinhole on one side and a white sheet on the other, he provided the evidence for his theory. Light came through the hole and projected an inverted image of the objects outside the room on the sheet opposite. He called this the “qamara”. It was the world’s first camera obscura.

4. Cleanliness

A Muslim’s faith is based on purity and cleanliness, whether it is in its physical or spiritual form. In the Islamic world of the 10th century, the products found in bathroom cabinets and hygiene practices could compete with those we have today. In the 13th century, the same engineer, al-Jazari, wrote a book describing mechanical devices, including “wudhu” machines. This machine was mobile, and it was brought in front of a guest. The guest would then tap the head and water would ensue in eight short bursts, providing enough water for ablution. This method also conserved water.

Muslims wanted to be really clean and not just splash themselves with water, so they made soap by mixing oil (usually olive oil) with “al-qali”, a salt-like substance. This was then boiled to achieve the right mix, left to harden and used in the hammams, the bath houses.

Al-Kindi also wrote a book on perfumes called “Book of the Chemistry of Perfume and Distillations”. He was best known as a philosopher, but was also a pharmacist, opthalmologist, physicist, mathematician, geographer, astronomer and chemist. His book contained more than a hundred recipes for fragnant oils, salves and aromatic waters. The centruries-old tradition of perfume-making was all made possible by Muslim chemists and their methods of distillation: they distilled plants and flowers and made perfumes and substances for theapeutic pharmacy.

5. Universities

The quest for knowledge is close to the heart of Muslims. In the Quran, they are urged to seek knowledge, and to observe and reflect. So Fatima al-Fihri, a devout and pious young woman, wanted to give the Fez community a learning centre. Like some of the grand mosques, al-Qarawiyin in Fez soon developed into a place for religious instruction and political discussion. It gradually extended its education to all subjects, particularly the natural sciences, and so it earned its name as one of the first universities in history.

Did You Know That the First University Was Founded by a Muslim woman?

Apart from astronomy, there were studies of the Quran and theology, of law, rhetoric, prose and verse writing, logic, arithmetic, geography and medicine. There were also courses on grammar, Muslim history, and elements of chemistry and mathematics. This variety of topics and the high quality of its teaching drew scholars and students from all over. Still operating almost 1,200 years later, Hassani says he hopes the center will remind people that learning is at the core of the Islamic tradition and that the story of the al-Firhi sisters will inspire young Muslim women around the world today.

6. Flying machine

Abbas Ibn Firnas
Abbas Ibn Firnas

Abbas ibn Firnas was the first person to make a real attempt to construct a flying machine and actually fly. In the 9th century he designed a winged apparatus which roughly resembled a bird costume. In his most famous trial, near Cordoba in Spain, Firnas flew upward for a few moments, before plummiting to the ground and partially breaking his back. His designs would have undoubtedly been an inspiration for the famous Italian artist and inventor Leonardo da Vinci some six hundred years later.

7. Surgical instruments


If we journeyed back into the 10th century, we could look over the shoulder of a cutting-edge surgion called Abul Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbad al-Zahrawi, a man known in the West as Abulcasis. He wrote al-Tadrif, his medical encyclopedia which included a treatise called “On Surgery”. This held a staggering collection of over two hundred surgical tools. Using instruments for surgery was a revolutionary concept because it enabled science to change from being speculative to something experimental. This was the first treatise in the history of medicine to illustrate the use of surgical instruments. In fact, their design was so accurate that they have had only a few changes in a millennium. It were these illustrations that laid the foundations for surgery in Europe.

8. Maps

Muhammad al-Idrisi drew a map of the world in Sicily in 1154 and it is said to be one of the most advanced ancient world maps.

Maps have helped people find their way for about 3,500 years, the earliest ones being on clay tablets. The introduction of paper was a huge leap forward in the art of map making. Modern technology uses a system of satellites and other receiving devices to compute positions on the earth. Back in history, maps were made from travellers’ and pilgrims’ accounts. The bug of traveling had bitten the 7th century Muslims, and they soon began to leave their homes for trade and for religious reasons, to explore the world they lived in. They walked routes, sometimes simply gathering knowledge about new places, and when they returned they gave accounts of the ways they had trodden and the people and sights they had encountered. First this was by word of mouth, but with the introduction of paper in Baghdad in the 8th century, the first maps and travel guides could be produced.

9. Music


Do 20th century artists and singers know that much of their craft lies in the hands of Muslims from the 9th century? These artists, al-Kindi in particular, used musical notation: the system of writing down music. They also named the notes of a musical scale with syllables instead of letters, called solmization. These syllables make up the basic scale in music today and we are all familiar with doh, ray, me, far, so, la, tee. The Arabic alphabet for these notes is Dal, Ra, Mim, Fa, Sad, Lam, Sin. The phonetic similarity between today’s scale and the Arabic alphabet used in the 9th century is astonishing. On top of that, Muslims were also developing musical instruments.

10. Algebra


The word “algebra” comes from the title of a Persian mathematician’s famous 9th century treatise “Kitab al-Jabr Wa l-Mugabala” which roughly translates into “The Book of Reasoning and Balancing”. Al-Khwarizmi introduces the beginnings of the algebra. It’s important to understand just how significant this new idea was. In fact, it was a revolutionary move away from the Greek concept of mathematics, which was essentually based on geometry. The same mathematician, Al-Khwarizmi, was also the first to introduce the concept of raising a number to a power.

Written by Sumeyye Copoglu

Sumeyye Copoglu

Sumeyye Copoglu is 23 years old and studies Islamic theology at the Islamic University of Rotterdam. She is an artist, with a passion for culture and travel.

  • J&B Partnership

    That’s very impressive, of course, but why is there nothing in the last 800 years? What went wrong with Islam back then that brought Muslim scholarship and creativity to a halt?

    • abu

      They lost Islam that’s why they didn’t invent anything more

      • Arraik Cruor

        But civilisations without Islam invented things all the time and are still inventing. ‘Losing Islam’ is a stupid excuse to be honest.

        • Haseeb Yakub

          But muslim’s success is only with islam as Allah promised us.

          • Arundeep Chohan

            They couldn’t rip other people off anymore..

          • nushin youssefian


          • Maffi Oxford

            Only 15 I thought it was 72 😂

          • Maffi Oxford

            Oh fuck off. Destruction is not success! Neither is rape!

          • Hanzo Hattori

            Yes, wish America and the old european colonial rulers knew that.

        • nushin youssefian

          Arraik, Civilization was made from people who went against ISLAM. the WORLD INVENTED BEFORE ISLAM AND AFTER AND STILL INVENTING, MILLIONS OF NON- MUSLIMS INVENT. so what tha guy say is complete Horse shit. Muslims are useless

        • Hanzo Hattori

          Civilisations without Islam who have lost their way and have fallen don’t continue to do anything. And all civilisations no longer exist or will continue to exist. Doesn’t mean humans can’t rise back up. Muslims are still influential even today.

    • Lin

      Imperialism happened

      • J&B Partnership

        Imperialism existed long before, so that can’t be the reason. And the days of empire are over, not least the Ottoman Empire, but still there is no intellectual or technical innovation coming from the Muslim world.

        • Hanzo Hattori

          Muslims lost their Islamic way. Though there are many true muslims who are still influential even today.

    • Mohammed zaman

      Sorry wasn’t it a Muslim who co founded YouTube?
      Jawad Karim search it

      • Adrian

        Haha exactly, he didn’t invent it. He co founded it. Can you not give us an example which revolutionised modern life?

        • .

          Adrian is da BIG BOI

      • Maffi Oxford

        Maybe but that’s no big deal. Couldn’t do it on his own though could he?

    • Connor Larkin


    • Dave

      They follow the Koran. That’s it. Science is discouraged.

  • hakimghoula

    Great but you forgot Hospitals.

  • Josh

    You forgot that Indians, Chinese and Greeks knew these even before the term ‘Muslim’ was coined in the history.

  • DCW

    Most, if not all of these, have been debunked as complete fiction, with the discoveries having happened centuries before islam, or by other religious or social groups of the time

    • Toto

      Wrong. Those sources are not credible and nothing but Islamophobic propaganda. Muslims did indeed introduce the modern sciences. Westerners like Copernicus plagiarized from Ibn Shatir, Al-Tusi, etc. but did not give them credit. Western lies got to stop.

      • Maffi Oxford

        Be my guest, show us real proof!

        • Anti-dandruff

          Only thing Europeans created was gay porn. I still come across Europeans who don’t even wash their hands after visiting the bathroom u filthy pig skins. White people in Europe were still living in mud huts still trying to figure out how to make paper whilst cities like Baghdad had libraries. Go back to doing DNA testing to figure out who ur father is n don’t waste people’s time
          Here u filthy red neck

          • Maffi Oxford

            Well some acuracy in what you say would be nice. I dont leave the bathroom without washing my hands. Oh and I don’t drink camel piss either. Porn is subjective. At least we dont abuse little girls and boys as apart of our culture. Every Arab I met in Saudi asked me about porn.

            The library in Baghdad was Arabic it was not islamic. It was destroyed by islam as were most other depositorys of information/learning. A tenet of islam is to destroy all history/culture of the conquered land. Arabs may have done some wonderful things pre islam but post islam all they have done is destroy.

            Oh I am not a redneck. They reside in the US.

          • Robert Zeurunkl

            bahgdad had libraries? You mean, like the great library of Alexandria in Egypt, which they obtained by conquering, not INVENTING? The only libraries islam ever had were those they took from people they first killed and enslaved. Looks like someone spoon fed you a bunch of horse shit and you ate it.

          • Ilpalazzo

            No, Europeans were only living in mud huts after muzzies came and raided Europe and subjugated them for centuries.

          • Studentenviro

            More of your made up racist hate mongering lies.

          • Ilpalazzo
      • John Parker

        Sources are not credible?? than how are muslims sources credible.
        Open up your mind. If muslims really invented modern sciences than they would have continued to do so in last 800 years. The fact that they did not invent anything in last 800 years is enough proof that they just ruled previously non muslim societies and presented their work as their own.

        • Hanzo Hattori

          Read about colonial rule and the cruelities imposed by the west and then you will find your answer why Muslims didn’t continue to invent.

      • Hector Archytas

        If Copernicus has been a disciple of Ibn Shatir, Al-Tusi. He would be able to read Arabic !!!!
        You can’t plagiarize who you can’t understand.

      • Maffi Oxford

        Toto every country islam invaded, and there are many, had their libraries and museums destroyed. Islam has always stolen from other cultures.

        • Hanzo Hattori

          There is no proof of that. In fact, it contradicts Islamic rules of war and rules in general.

          • Maffi Oxford

            There is no islamic proof, I agree, but then there wouldn’t be!

          • Maffi Oxford

            Islamic rules of war rape, pillage, destruction, and killing. That’s it in a nutshell.

          • Hanzo Hattori

            According to whom? You? Way to bring up proof.

          • Ilpalazzo

            LOL Islam ITSELF ‘stole’ from Judaism and Christianity. It didn’t preserve them, it ripped them off and retconned them.

  • Maffi Oxford

    During the rise of Islam to conquer the then known world they took all learning from those whom they attacked and claimed it as their own. As they do with Adam & Eve (the so called first moslems) and all the prophets. Even the Kabah was built on the foundation of a temple built long before Mo’s time.
    A simple statement in the koran that an embryo looks like a piece of chewed gum is their claim to ‘inventing’ gynaecology! Don’t make me laugh!!!

    • Ema Rock

      Do not make me laugh.

      • Maffi Oxford

        You are not paying attention.

        • Fakhrul Arriffin

          man you just need more study about islam,dont just talk rubbish,you do not discover all the quran statement,..

          • Maffi Oxford

            I have many books about islam including 4 copies of the Q I study plenty. However you do not study, ratyer you are inculcated by your teachers.

          • Magnus Carlsen


        • Ema Rock

          ah! And you if you pay attention? having
          so many Islamic books (Depending on whether the author is a Muslim or a
          non-Muslim with an air of Islamophobic talking badly about Islam) and
          having 4 copies unnecessarily (when one serves you, or two if one is
          original and the other is a translation) of the
          coran (Although it also depends on how you want to interpret it, because
          you can not have everything clear in a reading that its translation can
          be wrong, or it is not sharp, or that it has several meanings, or that
          each paragraph has its interpretation to basis of a specific situation or time.

      • Magnus Carlsen

        Everything Muslims claim to have invented was actually invented by Indians & Chinese. The Arab travellers just stole their knowledge & introduced that to the West, posing themselves as the inventors. Frauds I must say.

        Also, Zero was invented by an Indian.

        • Ema Rock

          Baby, trying to
          acclaim that some strongly confirmed inventions (those that were
          confirmed) that were invented by Muslims are “false” without any proof,
          does not prove anything, it is like “look! The potato was invented by a
          Jamaican!” But I do not give proof of this, if you want to
          show that some things are invented by another person (whoever has
          invented it) you have to give evidence of it, as they have done with
          “the inventor of the light bulb” that resumes that it was not Thomas
          Alva Edison but Joseph Wilson Swan, if he would believe you, but even
          demonstrating that there are some inventions that were not invented by
          Muslims, that does not take away the fact that if there are inventions
          invented by Muslims.

          • Magnus Carlsen

            Wow, you sounds very rational. I’ll give you proofs for sure, but after you prove me that Allah exists & Muhammad split the moon into 2 pieces with his sword, after he went flying into space on a flying donkey, as claimed in Islamic scriptures.

          • Ema Rock

            And you sound so irrational because:
            do not talk about the existence of god, we do not talk about beliefs,
            we talk about the inventions of people of Muslim faith, as if we were
            talking about inventions of people with beliefs like, Jewish, Christian,
            pagan, Buddhist, etc … So if you’re going to become a crying atheist, you better get out
            before you’re an insult to atheists who DO argue rationally without
            crying that other people do not share the same atheistic ideals that he
            those acclamations that you just said, they did not even express
            themselves like that, nobody “flew” through space or cut the moon with a
            “sword”, The description is “I rise through the sky” and “The moon was
            split in
            two, “at least as a good person (if you’re supposed to be) who wants to
            argue something have the damn decency to express the stories as they
            were dictated and not as you want, counting them with contempt thinking
            you smart when you sound more ridiculous and irrational that
            the religion that praises Cthulhu (even though they do it as a joke),
            and ONLY for disrespecting your whim, “of course, as believers will be
            hypocritical I will treat you badly and say that being an atheist is
            better even if you have an attitude shitty”.

          • Magnus Carlsen

            “We do not talk about the existence of god..”
            Who is this ‘we’ in your rant? I acknowledge that it’s me who is bringing Allah’s existence in discussion to point out your hypocrisy & double standards regarding requiring proofs to check the validity of a statement. And your rants are successfully proving you to be an utter fool.

            “have the damn decency to express the stories as they
            were dictated …”

            Sorry, but I can’t express the stories as they were dictated by that dumbass pedophile Arab ,who raped a 6 year old Aisha, for I care about the vile message Koran gives & not the occurence order of words in it.

          • Ema Rock

            ah! and
            I thought it was curious that you tell me that I have to prove to you
            the existence of god, so that you give me evidence that emmm … the
            Muslims did not invent such a thing, implying (by your atheistic way of
            thinking) that I could not show you the existence of god, that means that you did not have evidence that they had not invented anything? oh! how funny.
            ask me to prove something that I can not prove to you because you have
            no evidence to use in your favor (And that could be easier than proving
            the existence of any mythological being)

          • Magnus Carlsen

            Haha, it’s amusing to see an inred muslim / muslimah hiding behind the fake profile of ‘Ema Rock’, getting triggered when I made you look like a fool by exposing your hypocrisy. You wanted proofs when I pointed out that none of those inventions were made by muslims (and I am right though). But on the other hand, you’re willing to believe that shitty arabic book called Koran, & claim a 6th century illiterate, delusional Arab guy to be Allah’s messenger. LOL. Why do you believe it when Koran is basically baseless with no proofs?

          • Ema Rock

            Go turn more … stupid, I do not know how they can allow a child to use the computer, we already have enough imbeciles in the world to inculcate the stupidity in the poor children.
            What does it have to do to ask you about INVENTIONS of MUSLIMS (That you have not answered me and seeing how the conversation is going I do not think you answer me) about the beliefs of others? I’m an atheist and I’m worth mothers if someone believes in Christianity, Islam, Judaism, believes in a magic frog or an octopus or a stone, because I RESPECT DIVERSITY, see people like you are just stupid. got into this article and only to impose your atheist ideas on other people? Well go stupidity, could not you use the brain you so much presume to answer the damn question and not deviate from the subject as a water cat?
            “We” You and i, stupid.Who do you think you’re talking to or who do you think I’m talking to not know what the “we” is referring to?
            Your comparison is absurd, I ask for proofs of something real, and your pidez proofs of something unreal, who cares if God exists or not? To you? To show hypocrisy? What hypocrisy? Your hypocrisy of wanting to make believe that an atheist is more rational than a believer even when his attitude is worse than that of a pig? Is that your wonderful strategy? That while I try willing to talk about a REAL HISTORICAL topic, with proofs (And why not, there are many atheists who have no hatred towards Islam because they and others investigated more than you having a blog, since Aisha married 9 and consumed the marriage with 15 years) that yes or no were invented of such person and the other you only feed your pathetic ego with the stupidity of “I’m right and you do not, although that’s not the issue we’re talking about but I still want to mention it because I need attention”?
            If you do NOT take the subject seriously I can block you with all the wonderful ease of the world for immature that makes me lose a wonderful time.
            No, in fact with that attitude of shit I prefer not to waste my time.

          • Magnus Carlsen

            So if you’re an atheist, you do accept that Allah doesn’t exist & Muhammad was a delusional fool. Don’t you 😀 ? You also accept that Quran was not a revelation, rather it contains pig shit cooked up in Muhammad’s head. Because a rational atheist won’t have any issues in accepting that.

            And if you don’t accept that, then Bingo, stop pretending to be an atheist because it’s not too hard to figure out an inbred braindead Muslimah scum.

          • Ema Rock

            On the one hand, I will denounce you, for harassment, because you do not stop harassing me.
            On the other hand, do you know what it means to be an atheist? only
            means NOT BELIEVE IN GOD, that this against a religion is to be
            anti-religious nothing to do with an atheist, no, god does not exist,
            but I find religious teachings interesting (only that you do not feel
            like studying, having open
            mind as you both presume, and just want to scream and cry and have a
            fit of tantrums) and its constitution, No, Mohamad was not any
            delusional and I do not think the Quran contains “shit” as you describe
            (Well, you think that
            the Koran is a shit just because your reading focuses on the negative
            according to you and interpret it as a brainless one), it was
            intelligent if, why not, Islam is a well-built social constitution (if
            somehow all the countries could even follow it as it should) that would be harmonious
            I repeat, there are ATHEOS that are not Islamophobic and think the
            same as me, your problem is not atheism is anti-religionism (or depends,
            maybe only Islamophobia)
            Now stop fucking with your pateitcos mental problems of anti-religionism.

          • Magnus Carlsen

            Haha, Rants of an inbred dumb muslimah, as expected. Claiming to be atheist, yet still hanging on Muhammad’s dick xD.
            An atheist perfectly knows the danger of the vile ideology called Islam. Death to apostates, death for blasphemy, death by stoning for adultery,etc. So yes, any wise non-muslim should be an Islamophobe. But then, why are you getting triggered. You can continue remaining a moron, ignorant muslimah. Keep hiding behind a fake personality while your husband is raping goats & his own daughter, like his usual self, probably at this time.

          • Ema Rock

            An atheist, is an atheist, not islamofobico as your mental straws, of
            course, is that your travel insurance for the world, is that you are the
            absolute convention, is that you have shown me many things with
            irrefutable evidence.
            do not fuck with me and cry to your mother somewhere else, death in
            your hatred that is hatred for the unknown, you just pass it to you but
            you do not show me anything. Did you know there are churches in several
            Muslim countries? no, of course you do not know, can you tell me in which countries there is stoning? no, do not tell me you’re going to say “everything” but it’s not like
            that, it’s the same shit “in all the Muslim countries they force the
            woman to wear a veil” when there are only three countries.
            You can continue being the gillipollas that you are sending the shit
            to 1,500 billion Muslims thinking you morally superior or truth-teller
            (and no, you are not, you only rely on the news)
            as a hypocrite you are, you answered me, because of your anti-religious
            ego and that gillipollez of “every atheist knows that …” Even if you
            know he is an atheist, that is confirmed, you believe that an atheist is
            an anti religios or an islamofobico, why fuck … You think you’re the example of all atheists.
            and so much “xD” takes away credibility and seriousness, but hey, it’s the stupidity that you represent.

          • Goo

            Atheists are the biggest killers in human history. Atheism costed more human lives in the 20th century than any “religious group”. Just look at Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong for starters.

          • Gavin Samuels

            Wrong, Muslims killed 80 million hindu’s that are buried in the kush mountains. Others too, but that’s just one genocide.

          • Smedley Butler


          • Gavin Samuels

            Islam let’s you have slaves and marry children, you respect that too?

          • Ema Rock

            Bearing in mind that slavery is not allowed in Islam directly and unanimously, and that marriage with infants was (before, past, and now when 10-year-old girls look like 16 and 18) and is legal in several western countries in full 2018 (as long as it is not compulsory, since it is prohibited by both parties) yes, I respect it.

          • Ema Rock

            If you’re so surprised that someone is not Islamophobe, it’s that the problem is YOURS!

          • Magnus Carlsen

            Firstly, being an Islamophobe is perfectly normal & every wise non-muslim should ideally be an Islamophobe because there is no ideology as disgusting & vile as Islam.

            Secondly, I’m not surprised because you, a brainwashed Jihadi muslimah, is not an Islamophobe. I am surprised that even a braindead muslimah like you needs to hide behind a Christian name that is considered Haram xD.

        • stop being unreasonable

          My goodness. I don’t think you understand. True they “stole” their knowledge but then they ameliorated it and THEN went to the west. The thing is, is Christians or jews were in the position of the muslims nobody would have said anything. Fine, lets put in from your point of view I guess. So if said that Cornis Drebbel “stole” the idea of the camera obscura from Ibn-Al Haytham, would you said anything? No.

          • Ilpalazzo

            dude, a light coming through a hole does not make a camera.

        • Zack Mumin

          Listen Man, you might hold an idea there most ideas were inspired by the nations you just mentioned but we Muslims revoltionized it and put more detail. Another thing was that a purely original concept no one can say Muslims stole is the concept known as Infinity, this coming from our God is infinte with no partners.

          • Gerry Berry

            “Zero” in a mathematical/algebraic context, and “infinity” are NOT the same thing!

          • Ilpalazzo

            The earliest recorded idea of infinity comes from Anaximander, a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who lived in Miletus. He used the word apeiron which means infinite or limitless.[3] However, the earliest attestable accounts of mathematical infinity come from Zeno of Elea (born c. 490 BCE), a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher of southern Italy and member of the Eleatic School founded by Parmenides. Aristotle called him the inventor of the dialectic.[4][5] He is best known for his paradoxes,[4] described by Bertrand Russell as “immeasurably subtle and profound

          • Studentenviro

            Wow! you know how to go to wikipedia!!!!!!!!!!!!!

          • MartinAlaskan

            Wikipedia? That was invented by a Muslim.

          • Studentenviro

            That is probably why it is such a great idea.

          • Gavin Samuels

            You do realise you are speaking cult gibberish, right?

          • Smedley Butler

            Actually, Muhammad stole nearly the whole Qu’ran from the Jews and Christians.

            Infinity is a concept that predates Islam.

          • MartinAlaskan

            Yes, most of the Quran is stolen from the Jews and the Christians. It is the very worst parts of the Quran, things like jihad and sex slaves, that came from Mohammed.

          • zak

            islam was brought forth in 1400ś but the concept of it has been around seens adam and eve the peolpe at the time of mohamed (peace be apon him) was when the reilgon was able to be most likey accept it

          • Smedley Butler


          • Smedley Butler

            Earliest attestable accounts of mathematical infinity come from Zeno of Elea (born c. 490 BCE)

          • Smedley Butler

            The Jain of India spoke of the concept of infinity over 1,000 years before Muhammad invented Islam by plagiarizing the Torah and Bible.

  • nushin youssefian

    HAHAHAH BULLSHIT , FUCKING MUSLIMS TRYING TO SHOW OFF. I RESEARCHED EVERYTHING!!!! U FUCKING MUSLIMS DIDN’T DO SHIT!!! AND I RESEARCHED DEEPLY!!! IT DOESNT COME DIRECTLY FROM ”MUSLIM”, , BUT FROM PEOPLE WHO INTRODUCED THEM TO MUSLIMS AND THEN MUSLIMS TOOK CREDIT FOR IT! COFFEE= ===== Kaldi, noticing that when his goats were nibbling on the bright red berries of a certain bush, they became more energetic (jumping goats), chewed on the fruit himself. His exhilaration prompted him to bring the berries TO AN ISLAMIC MONK ( TO HIM ) in a nearby Sufi monastery (zawiyah),but the Sufi monk disapproved of their use and threw them into a fire, from which an enticing aroma billowed. The roasted beans were quickly raked from the embers, ground up, and dissolved in hot water, yielding the world’s first cup of coffee —- HA! YOU FUCKING MUSLIM IGNORANT EVEN THROW IT INTO THE FIRE! BUT THEN U LIKED IT AH???AND TOOK CREDIT FOR INVENTING IT???FUCK YOU PIECE OF SHIT

  • Stick With Facts

    1. Coffee
    From the Ethiopians, who are predominately Christian. Further, though Islam arose in the 7th century and coffee was invented in the 11th century, Islam did not take a foothold in Ethiopia until the 16th century.

    2. Clocks
    Sundials, the original clocks, predate Islam.

    3. Camera
    Invented by the Chinese in the 1st century. Predates Islam.

    4. Cleanliness
    I have yet to see a clean muslim

    I’m going to stop here so as not to embarrass the author and his lack of scholarship. The rest are easily debunked.

    Stop defending your stupid religion with lies.

  • Old Git

    i wondered what great invention had been born by the great people of muslim faith, so took to google and ended up on this page 🙂

    i wasted ten minuets reading a total load of bullshit. i wont waste another 20 minutes educating the author.
    maybe before you post any further total crap you could do some very basic research on the topic you wish to post. or maybe just stop posting till your knowledge reaches a point that it out weighs your stupidity.

    • Momminator

      And quite likely, if the time frames were accurate in this article, then they were the creations of Christians and Jews under conditions of Islamic slavery and/or dhimmitude.

  • HKoomy

    For the Islamophobics or maybe just haters, im not sure about some of those maybe the author did mention few needless stuff, HOWEVER before i even come here i first heard it from Niel Dagrass Tyson in Cosmos (Seth MacFarlane show) 2 Atheists great minds btw, about the Muslim invented Algebra, the number zero and Algorithms (and if u never heard of Arabic numerous then i dont know what to say), which revolutionized mathematics and astronomy if u dont know that math is the language of the Universe.
    And the medical tools (also from Egyptians most of the medical knowledge but not sure if they were muslim but middle eastern thats for sure)
    And the Camera, im not sure when i check Wikipedia it says invented by Chinese and then ibn al haytham wrote a book about optics but when u check ibn al haytham in Wikipedia it says hes the father of optics and the man that introduced the idea that light reflects from objects to our eye but also mentioned in Cosmos better check there since Wikipedia itself confused.
    Also two third of the named stars are named in Arabic but im not surprised u guys not knowing and denying it since George Bush said “our god named the stars in the universe” so if a president is that stupid im not surprised at all, oh and yes also Niel degrass tyson said that in one of hes lectures in the university of Washington in 2011
    So the most important stuff cant be debunked since its Fact, but for example cleaningness, im 100% sure many racist ignorant people will and did say something about us muslims being smelly or brown commenting about this, well i really dont have to prove this (its not even an invention and the author added it so its stupid) but id like to just say for those racist people, we are the only religion that have to pray five times a day and each time u have to wash ur hands, arms, mouth, nose, face, ears, hair, and feet with water before u pray and its called Wodooa, oh and also if u ejaculate (ejected seemen) u HAVE to take full shower before u even can enter any mosque or touch the quran, its very absurd that you people think Muslim so strictly dedicated when it comes to terrorism (its always muslims) but then when it come to hygiene nah they’re not that dedicated, true definition of hypocrisy

    Note: im not saying Niel dagrass tyson loves us im just saying he’s smart enough to recognize and appreciate facts whether if he personally liked it or not, and thats why i respect him of course other than the fact hes an amazing astrophysicist.

    So next time when u try debunk, i dont mind when its true but when u say (u didnt invent shit or u didnt do shit) even if u then say one true fact or more, ur basically debunking ur own statement with a false idiotic sentence full of hate.

  • Maxi Moline

    Bruh everyone need to chill in this convo

  • Bobloblaw

    As someone who has studied cartography (although only as a requirement for my bachelor in geography) her point about maps is a first for me. The ancient Greeks were making maps as were the Chinese in the 4th century and were already using paper to make them (paper was invented a few centuries before that). Aristotle made a map that showed the earth to be spherical and was only a few degrees of from modern maps. Muslims invented maps is something that I have never heard of before and she uses completely made up evidence to back up he claims. Also, a guy falling wearing a bird costume does not equal the invention of flying.

    • Yaeger

      Maps – The first complete maps of the Old World were produced by Muslims. The earlier maps from the Egyptians, Chinese and Greeks were specific to their local regions, whereas the Muslim maps spanned the entirety of the Old World.

      Flight – Ibn Firnas invented a glider and was literally flying with it. What he did is flying, period.

      • Maffi Oxford

        So where is the evidence of this fabled flight?

        • Yaeger

          The flight of Abbas Ibn Firnas in the 9th century is described by Mu’min ibn Said in the 9th century and by Al-Maqqari in the 16th century.

          Other early Muslim aviators include Jauhari in the 11th century and the Celebi brothers in the 17th century.

        • Dave

          Maffi, also where is the evidence for Muhammad’s flight on a flying donkey?

        • Donald lisberg

          Described by muslims? And where’s your proof of Muslims mapping the entire world? The Americas? Japan? China, The entire globe? You’re grasping at strings, And nothing more.

      • odojoe

        As a hang glider pilot, there is no way he could have flown for ten minutes. He may have been able to do a gentle glide to the ground, but it is likely more Islam BS.

        • Yaeger

          The flight of Abbas Ibn Firnas in the 9th century is described by Mu’min ibn Said in the 9th century and by Al-Maqqari in the 16th century.

          Other early Muslim aviators include Jauhari in the 11th century and the Celebi brothers in the 17th century.

          • odojoe

            You omitted the description of Mohamed flying to Jerusalem on a horse, just as likely as the other three.

    • MartinAlaskan

      The next thing they’ll tell us is that it was the Muslims who invented lying.

      • Dave

        Yes Martin. They have several words for different types of lie.

  • Jeff

    Watch Sam Harris’s “The Golden Age of Islam” Youtube video if you want to know what Islam has contributed to mankind in the past 1200 years.

  • Taha Khan

    i am Muslim and i am be ashamed because i try to find some thing what we give today world what we invent but i found nothing accept this bullshits. Muslim have to do something because all over the world islam is second biggest religion but we had no voice we millions died in iraq,syria,afghanistan,burma but we had no voice after we are 1.5 billion in the world …….why ?

    • Paul Simon

      Well I think they invented the Number ZERO… Maybe before BC it was so different. I think also ideas are built on ideas… 10000 minds can go in to a final product now days. But the initial idea (spark) has to start some where..But yes this article is Muslim Propaganda.
      With all the tech these countries use from the west and yet hate them so much is laughable.. hating USA wont solve the world problems..

      • Maximiliano Ricardo Elias

        Is history, most thing are from arab and persian world, Math , algebra, Baths , Coffe, Music, Arquitecture , Clocks , Medicine , Astronomy , Optics , etc.

        • Paul Simon

          Mate you are so full of BS its not funny I feel BIAS is in the genes. Is it not all UKers and USA engineers building all the stuff in Saudi? I just read article that says some guy found in India the first use of Zero so this idea Arabs/Islam invented Zero is clearly wrong as well. I think maybe Turkey have better chance inventing stuff then those in Iran. As for Baths.. even dam monkeys bath mate. I think monkeys been before humans on the planet.

          • Hanzo Hattori

            There is no proof that monkeys preceded humans.

          • Paul Simon

            No proof of Allah GOD and JC and all those other religious brainwashing ideals either. but theres proof in DNA and finding fossils in ancient soil layers.. evolution clearly exists.. you can watch a virus evolve

          • Maffi Oxford

            Paul the fossils were put there by good to test us. That’s both a christian and moslem line.

          • Paul Simon

            religion always has excuses and out options clauses. its just mass mind control thats stalled science for a long time.. thy even locked up a guy who told them the earth was not center of the universe 🙂

        • Maffi Oxford

          But not islam.

      • Hanzo Hattori

        They don’t hate west. That is a lie told by west. Pew research center of America found that such an idea is false

        • Paul Simon

          you mean kill the infidels in holy text is fiction

          • Hanzo Hattori

            In Quran God says that harming a non muslim will mean that you make God your enemy regardless of who you are. Wherever order is to kill, it’s only in self defense.

          • Ilpalazzo

            uhh there’s about 10000 excuses given that a muslim can use for “self defense”

        • Maffi Oxford

          Who is Pew

      • Magnus Carlsen

        Everything Muslims claim to have invented was actually invented by Indians & Chinese. The Arab travellers just stole their knowledge & introduced that to the West, posing themselves as the inventors. Frauds I must say.

        Also, Zero was invented by Indians.

      • Dave

        Muslims didn’t invent nothing! (lol) Look how many(Few) muslim Nobel Prizewinners there are.

        • Paul Simon

          well recent dig findings suggests it was in fact india the trade route that invented zero now

          • Dave

            What have muslims contributed to the World, apart from death and destruction?

          • Paul Simon

            billions of babies to take over your land

          • Dave

            Oh, yes. I forgot that. I think ‘billions’ is a bit of an exaggeration, but millions, yes. One way to slow it down is benefit capping. Pay the father only, for two children. No payments to (up to 4 wives) ‘single’ mothers. This is how it is currently defrauded from the Benefit system.

    • Maffi Oxford

      Because you are led by jokers, by people who dont know fuck all, bu people who think that what was a good desert survival manual 1400 years ago is relevant today. Your imams want to keep you ignorant.

  • John Parker

    Coffee: Surely coffee plant wasn’t invented by muslims. if its about how we consume coffee than its more like a food recipe than scientific discovery.
    Maps: were used long before islam
    Universities : Were there in indian vedic period(long before islam). Modern universities were later introduced by europeans. Not sure how muslims invented them.
    Cleanliness : doesn’t even count as invention imo
    Music: Muslims invented do re me??…. Sanskrit vedas provide mention of sargam (sanskrit version of music notes) long before islam was invented.
    Flying machine: Well according to the author muslims invented the flying machine that did not work. Somebody please make a non working time machine or muslims will take the credit for inventing time machine as well.

    • Paul Simon

      She didnt list all the Western Tech Muslims use from the west.. namely missiles and guns 🙂 Encourage Muslim woman to be equals and study at universities.. I dont think so!

  • Hector Archytas

    It is because an invention has been made in country which would become majority Mohamedan 500 years latter that the inventor is a Mohamedan. It is definetaly true for the coffee in Ethiopie as teh inventor was indeed a Christian.

  • Robert Zeurunkl

    Every single thing in this list is complete BS. In fact, the Chinese had been doing most of these things nearly a millenia (1000 years) before islam even existed. Other’s are only partially right IF you leave out “the rest of the story”. For instance, the Greek belief that the eyes emitted light was wrong. But who corrected that? The Greeks themselves, including Empedocles and Aristotle. And they corrected that LONG before islam arrived on the scene to start stealing everyone’s inventions as their own. And inventing islamic words to mimic real words is just stupid (ie, “qamara” for “camera” – which was a Latin word, LONG before islam even popped out of the Saraha desert a thousand years later.

    Clocks? Chinese.
    Flying machines? Chinese.

    It goes on and on…..

    • Jaylen Dick Marrold

      Idiotic analysis. This is old, despite there being a plethora of stupid denial fallacious claims this one stands out. There’s a difference between inventions and pioneering sure, but there’s always newer applied methods to predecessor models presented, thus adding on/replacing the previously held model. This is known as the paradigm shift.

      Ibn haytham presented the finer model to both the emission theory of Euclid and Ptolemy, and the intromission theory of Aristole two most common held theories during classical antiquity. Alhazen’s theory however was combining mathematical ray arguments of Euclid, and medical traditions of Galen. intromission theories of Aristotle. His arguments and analysis of perpendicular rays was unparalleled. Understand his book of optics and know why he’s cited as the father of optics by the scientific community, Kepler’s later theory of the retinal image was built directly on the conceptual framework of Alhazens optic theory. Acting like a pseudo intellectual doesn’t mean you should discredit accomplishments where they’re due.

      Same for “algebra” al-Khwarizmi was the first to treat algebra as an independent discipline and introduced the methods of “reduction” and “balancing” thus presenting a better model. Roman numerals were dropped in favor to Arabic ones.

      This is a very simple argument, america is commercially known to introduce the capacitive smartphone (you could say its LG but we’ll use apple for arguments sake) sure, the Chinese market simply perfected on the model. But dumbasses like you would say “naaaaah haha we invented it tho they jus be stealin n shieeeet”

      • Robert Zeurunkl

        Yes,… Islamic words. They use a language called Farsi (most of them, anyway) Are you not familiar with this? No one said anything about algebra, and it is well known by all that algebra was developed first by Arabs or Persians. This was LONG before Islam corrupted everything it touched. There used to be a time when it was a reasoning, logical ideology. That’s been gone for HUNDREDS of years, now, and today, everywhere islam goes, death, disease, poverty, rape, murder, slavery and ignorance soon follow. There is not a single exception anywhere on the face of the planet. Islam is a religion of fools and cowards.

  • Vishwas Patil

    From where this writer fool got this information? Islam only destroyed all the universities, burned books and historic sites as they do today also. Whatever you claim as Muslim monuments are ALL usurped from other after killing them. Islam is not known to be a creator but just a destroyer – actually Hindus following Shiv. Destruction is also required. And Muslims do it very religiously.

    • Hanzo Hattori

      From where did you writer fool got this BS info?

  • Gavishiddappa

    This author doesn’t seems to studied the actual facts before posting this ton of shit.

  • A

    Ive been reading the comments, and dont you think that, as in the case of every culture, ideas develop with trade and alliances, which was how islam came to be, with the merging of many different cultures since the arabian peninula and reigons around it were originally nomadic trade reigons. So, therefore many inventions and discoveries are really hard to pinpoint because cultures build ideas off of eachother. Personally, i beleive that because of the woldwide population of muslims, ideas that are credited to them are also credited to other cultures too because of the relationships they formed with eachother. Al cultures want to be credited for something so even if an idea is built off of another ones culture, so there are many fueds over who thought of it first. Honestly, I could care less, as long as people keep moving foward in life and technology keeps being invented. You people should be ashamed for fighting over who created what, thats how wars start. If people stopped worrying about who created what and keeping their cultures to themselves like a child who doesnt want their food to touch, then technology would be advanced enough that you would be able to probably go back in time to figure out who actually invented the numer zero.

    sorry about the rant

    this is just my oppinion


    • A

      I’m sorry about the grammar mistakes, I typed too fast.

  • Uzma Wilayat

    european americans israhelli bloody butcher jewish chirsitians mormon r barking happy all r jealous hehehe good best MUSLIM WRITER

  • abcde fghij

    all of these are Arab inventions. islam had nothing to do with inspiring them and non Arab muslims have nothing to do with them.

  • StopS

    It is amazing how you can find this nonsense all over the net. It’s as though everything was invented or discovered by a Muslim.
    When, in reality, Muslims have never discovered or invented anything remarkable. With one exception, a Nobel Prize in 1999 in Chemistry.
    The rest is sheer propaganda and wishful thinking.
    Which is why today the output in scientific papers and patents of all 56 OIC countries combined is less than say Spain.
    I have exposed all these claims using facts and verifiable, sourced documents showing some on YouTube and I still have people arguing about them, labelling me as “Islamophobic”, whatever that may mean. It is strange that some people can’t handle facts and reality.

  • Stavros

    Fancy that a flying machine that didn’t work. Would I consider that to be an invention….nope. A flying carpet would have been more feasible tbh. They did invent something that other religions have not been able to replicate. The time machine, convert to Islam and you will instantly go back 1400 years in time.

    • Dave

      Stavros, very funny! Muhammad had a flying donkey, but he didn’t invent it. I think he only flew it once, so he said.

  • José Frajtag

    Muslims didn’t invent things in the last 7 or 8 centuries, that are fairly registered in history. That puts in doubt if they really invented anything before, because on that times, registry was not so thrustable! It’s a shame for 1 billion people in the world, that should make their life meaningfull and spend it only with hate!

  • NilsEldor

    If Muslim invented the Universities then what was those places in India like Nalanda and Vikramsila? And was it not the Indian people who invented algebra and the 10 digit system? Coffee, no that is from the mountainous regions of Ethiopia, Sudan and Kenya by the Oromo people? Honestly what kind of claims are these? Only people with no knowledge about history and the world would fall for this.

  • JAKE

    im a mavrick

  • mg

    What a bunch of B.S.

  • सुराख़ अली हबीबुल्ला

    I am a muslim myself and I feel no shame in saying that this article is SHIT. First university was founded by muslim woman? Nalanda university was already there built by buddhists and hindus much before the inception of Islam , as much as I know the history , muslims invaders only burnt the Nalanda university for not having a quran in it’s library ! You are a liar l stop lying

  • Gerry Berry

    The claim that a Muslim “invented” flight is hilarious! All Ibn Fernas did was stick feathers on himself and plummet a lot! And even THAT is just a claim made by one man 700 YEARS after the supposed event! There’s ZERO independent evidence that he even did that! That’s the level of desperate absurdity these Muslim claims to have “invented” anything modern and scientific have reached. And what makes this rubbish even more egregious is the likes of NASA propagating this nonsense just to make Muslims “feel better about themselves” given the atrocious lack of scientific progress in the modern Islamic world.

    • Sophie

      You’re immensely stupid. Even if Fernas did invent it, let’s suppose, tell me how it matters? His work was overtaken anyways, newer models and presentations constantly replace previously established methods, this is known as the paradigm shift a fundamental change in approach or underlying assumptions.

      Most of these are simply “pioneers” if anything, only a few are considered “fathers” due to presenting important changes to their understanding, doesn’t discredit the presented accomplishments. You for some reason believe it does because haha why should the muzzies be proud huh? This is simply your pseudo intellectualism talking.

  • Ilpalazzo

    And 100% of these claims are complete BS and some heavy mental gymnastics. The algebra guy was a ZOROASTRIAN who was forced to convert when muslims raided Tehran. Even algebra means “sum of broken parts” which means COMPILATION. He compiled what was raided from Greek, Indian, Italian and Persian libraries.

  • Jaylen Dick Marrold

    lol wtf? The denial is beyond rampant here. Imagine living under the proclivity that accomplishments are determined by specific attributes.

  • suvii

    can i die silently? lol why i click that shit

  • Jeff French


  • Gavin Samuels

    Oh my god.. I can’t believe I just read this idiotic post LOL. Music didn’t exist until after the so called prophet Muhammad the warlord and murderer was born? I laughed at every single lie here, which is all of them. But the Music one really made me laugh! Even Neanderthals had musical instruments, they were probably more civilised than Islamic countries are too. Thanks for the great laugh though.

    • boi

      u are da most EVIL creature

  • Indian

    Everything invented by (Pork Be Upon Him)
    Are you happy muslim scientists

  • Ayeesha R

    Assalamualaikum ..
    This will be more useful if you can provide the source of this content..
    Allhamdulillah you are doing a great job because these days Muslims are treated as if they are for none..

  • Smedley Butler

    Most of this is nonsense.

    Regardless of the veracity of the claims to ownership of the “invention” of these items, none of these were invented by “Muslims.”

    Islam is a religion. It is not personhood or nationality.

    That they were Muslim is beside the point.

    One could just as easily say that they were Persian or Arab.

    Cleanliness was definitely not invented by “Muslims.”

    Coffee was not invented.

    Mechanized clocks were used in China and Greece before Islam was invented.

    Algebraic equations were developed and used by the Babylonians and the Greeks. Arabs did further the study and use of Algebra and it came to be called by the Arab name — al Jabr.

    I could go on and on with this.

    Stop trying to pump yourselves or others up with cock and bull lies and half truths.

  • Larrie Cole


  • Ancient Egyptians combined both animal and vegetable oils with alkaline salts to produce a type of soap 1550 B.C. (sound familiar? Oil & salt?) It’s been proven that soap was invented as early as 2,800 B.C. Phoenicians in 600 BC, the ancient romans using animal tallow & clay – The ancient greeks had a lye based soap! Stating that muslims invented soap or CLEANLINESS is one of the most outrageous things I’ve ever heard. The Celts, who used animal fats and plant ashes to make their soap, named the product saipo, from which the word soap is derived! As far as I can tell, the ‘muslims’ were the LAST group to ‘invent’ soap, they idea of which they probably stole from the Egyptians, much like they stole their country.

  • Al-Khwarizmi did not write that book of math, he translated it from a much, much older Hindi math text. THIS IS KNOWN. He did not invent the idea, or the concept of raising a number to the power (using the number zero) which came from the same Hindi text he translated.

  • 3,400 yro Hurrian Hymn, originally written in ancient Mesopotamia, called Hurrian Hymn No.6 is the melody OLDEST PIECE OF WRITTEN MUSIC ever discovered. https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/ad00991c17cf517f56df5f1ed1003971a098e03758678c702cc618bd130d1822.jpg Seikilos epitaph (GREEK) is the oldest surviving complete musical composition, including musical notation, from anywhere in the world. The epitaph dated from the 1st or https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/1bf933bf86816c9af01898ebddef8beeebe5f7b0c011d3137282fd0da6d3d81e.jpg 2nd century AD

  • MartinAlaskan

    “The bug of traveling had bitten the 7th century Muslims, and they soon began to leave their homes for trade and for religious reasons, to explore the world they lived in.”

    Such a cute way to describe the mass murder of jihad.

  • odojoe

    All of those inventions were hundreds of years ago before Islam went back to the eighth century.

  • Dave

    I understand that stimulants (caffeine) and music are Haram. Also that Science was discouraged. Like the Koran, most ideas were plagiarised from other Civilisations. Regarding maths, Muslims didn’t invent nothing (0). (intentional double negative for comic effect)

    • the nerd


  • Robert Early

    I have it on good authority that everything was invented by the Russians. If you don’t believe that, your Grandchildren certainly will.
    The Muslims did create a fake god, a fake prophet, and a fake book.

  • janiya

    fuck this website

  • shazam

    Bill cypher

  • shazam

    because im batman

  • batman

    *dabs* and cringe

  • batman


  • Donald lisberg

    God above, This article is by far one of the most historically illiterate things i’ve ever seen.

    Coffee was first used by Ethiopian Christian/Pagan Tribals.
    Clocks were first used around 725 AD in China, Spreading to Korea and Japan, And further.
    The oldest known record of a Camera (at that time known as Camera obscurum, or Dark room) Was in 470 BC, In China.
    Cleanliness has been a value greatly held by various civilizations prior to the very founding of Islam, The fact that the article goes so far as to claim Islam invented cleanliness, Well, That’s pretty damn bad. The Egyptians, Greeks, persians, Romans, Etc, Even the Norse, Were all extremely clean people, Arguably more so than Muslims in the Case of the Romans and Greeks.
    Universities were quite common in ancient greece, And rome, and even Assyria, Although they weren’t exactly the same, they still followed the same concept of an institution of higher learning.
    As for the “flying machine” Clearly you’ve never heard the Story of Icarus and the Sun.
    Surgical instruments were in use all around the world, Quite predominantly in China and Rome, Long before Islam was founded.
    Maps were in common use by various civilizations across the world, Prior to the Founding of Islam.
    Music? you think music was first created by Muslims? Here, Let me give you an example of a song that was created more than 2000 years before Islam was founded. The epic of Gilgamesh.
    The first traces of Algebra can be traced To the ancient Babylonians, Pagans.
    You muslims

  • Rizwan Ali

    and now madrassas took place of universities, and now we invent terrorism.
    shutdown madrassas and then we can produce some scientific products,